Today’s children are growing up connected, which brings both benefits and risks. What can you do to help your children stay safe?
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By Ben Halpert, Founder Savvy Cyber Kids, an EarthLink partner
If someone you didn’t know approached you on the street and asked you where you lived, would you tell them? Probably not. If they asked you where you banked and for your account number and online banking password, would you consider giving out that information? Very unlikely. Face-to-face and in real time, we tend to be good at protecting what is important to us. We lock our cars, set the house alarm when we leave and stop the mail on vacations.
Somehow, these same questions and intrusions on the screen of our devices can seem less invasive and safe enough to embolden us to share our most valuable assets. I’m not talking about cherished jewelry, a new computer or a family heirloom — the items that you value the very most and have taken steps to insure and protect. Rather, what you have that is worth stealing is less visible yet valuable to you AND others, those with self-serving and malicious intent.
I’m talking about data. Profitable data. Ever get an email that “looked right” from your bank or Internet provider? Ever click on a link in an email without verifying that it’s from a safe source? These days “street smarts” are not enough to keep you safe. You need to apply those same cautious instincts in the virtual world. You need “Cyber Street Smarts” The reality is that your personal data is lucrative source of income to criminals of all kinds — from your account information to your social security number.
If you look at past and current headlines about hacking events that have led to private information being disclosed to others, you will start to see a pattern. In many cases, the sources of the stolen data have not valued their information enough to protect it from misuse. The lesson from these past mistakes is that you need to be thinking about what others value — not just about what you personally value – and protect accordingly.
Today’s IT systems when managed properly, provide a good defense to outside parties wishing to steal your data. So good, in fact, that hackers not only directly attack systems but have also adopted new strategies that compromise individuals to get the data they are after. The latest headlines about the suspected information compromises by Russian hackers that targeted the Democratic National Committee (DNC) is a prime example of the social engineering technique known as Phishing.
A common hacking technique, Phishing, involves a malicious hacker crafting an email, text message, or social media message that is written in such a way that you are compelled to click the link or open a document that is part of the message. The next step typically involves you entering your username and password (also called authentication credentials) to access a bank account, email account, social media account, or any other online service. The temptation to click and open anything has made Phishing the most widely used technique to get people to give up their access credentials for years.
There are a few actions you can take to help ensure you and your family members are not an easy target for the Phishers.
To protect everything that you have that is worth stealing, fight your basic instinct to click and open anything sent to you. Take a moment to think about the action you are about to take. Should you really click that link? Be aware and stay vigilant.
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By Ben Halpert, CISO Savvy Cyber Kids, an EarthLink partner
The holidays, a wonderful time of year, bring us closer to our friends and family — and ushers in a season of giving, receiving, and upgrading. Unfortunately, when technology-enabled gifts enter our lives, so do strangers that we didn’t invite to our festivities.
On the top of many people’s wish lists in past years (and this year too!) are phones and tablets that are more powerful and capable than computers built just a few years ago. Android and iOS (the base software that makes your devices work) smartphones and tablets literally open up the world to us. When our children or grandchildren are researching new subjects for school projects on their tablets, or when we are using our phones to communicate with relatives, share our family adventures, or shop to avoid the traffic, no doubt about it, these devices significantly enhance our daily lives.
Yet before the new glow and nicety of technology enhancements fade, we should take a few minutes to understand — and ultimately reduce — the not-so-nice and naughty aspects of technology-enabled devices. In the media we often hear of crimes being committed using technology to target unsuspecting individuals, both adults and children. Thankfully, iOS and Android devices provide settings that can help to increase our privacy (in this case, establishing limits to the detailed information about us that is exposed when we use devices).
So what can you do?
Go through your location settings and turn off location services for all apps that don’t need to be tracking your whereabouts. And for those apps that need your precise location (Waze, Uber, Lyft, etc.), select the option to enable location-tracking only when the app is in use (if that option is available).
In addition to the more obvious apps that need to use your location information to be functional, there are other apps that also like to gather information about you — for the provider’s or creator’s own purposes and uses. So turn location-tracking off for those apps, including your browser app that sends your current location to every website you visit and your camera app that shares your personal information (like your home address) on photos that you post on social media apps.
Don’t overlook the social media apps you use. Use all of the privacy setting options (including denying access to your physical location) available to you to ensure you are only sharing your personal and private information with your friends and family, not some stranger that claims to be your friend online.
Savvy Cyber Kids (SCK), a 501 (c)(3) nonprofit organization whose mission is to enable youth, families and school communities to be empowered by technology, recognizes that children may be Digital Natives, who, without intervention, completely lack an understanding of the implications of their digital actions. Founded in 2007 by Internet security expert, noted speaker and author Ben Halpert, Savvy Cyber Kids provides resources for parents and teachers to educate children as they grow up in a world surrounded by technology. Savvy Cyber Kids is grateful for the ongoing support of its presenting sponsors, Digital Guardian and Ionic Security and for the support of its education series partner, Earthlink.
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Children are literally growing up “connected.” New social media services pop up like weeds and there is an ever-increasing number of apps and games that connect online. Additionally, many schools are migrating to cloud services, such as Google Drive, and require work to be submitted online. While this connected lifestyle has benefits, there are also risks to your child’s safety. We will explore three common risk areas and what you can do to help your children stay safe.
The post Educating Your Children on Cyber Safety appeared first on EarthLink Blog: Internet services, Web Hosting, IT services.
Ransomware is a special type of malware that is actively spreading across the internet today threatening to destroy victim’s documents and other files. Ransomware is just one of many different types of malware which has become very common because it is so profitable for criminals.
Ransomware is commonly spread by emailing victims and tricking them into opening an infected attachment or clicking on a link to the attacker’s website. Once this particular type of malware infects your computer it will start encrypting your files or your entire hard drive. You are then locked out of your entire system or cannot access your important files. The malware will inform you that the only way to unlock your system to recover your files is to pay the cyber criminal a ransom to provide you with a password to decrypt your information. Most often the ransom is paid in some form of currency such as Bitcoin.
Should You Pay the Ransom?
The problem with paying the ransom is that often people pay these criminals when they are infected which motivates criminals to infect others. Though you may not have another option to recover your files, there is no guarantee you will get your files back. During the decryption process, you may be infected with additional malware. Decrypting after the ransom is paid doesn’t confirm the ransomware is removed from your device. Ransomware can stay dormant on your device and attack again later.
The best way to recover from ransomware without paying the ransom is to recover your files from backups. This way even if your computer is infected with ransomware you have a way of recovering files after rebuilding or cleaning up your computer. Keep in mind that if your backup can be accessed from the infected system, ransomware might delete or encrypt your backup files. Therefore, it’s important to back up files to either a reputable cloud-based service or to store your backups on external drives that are not always connected to your system. Be sure to regularly test that you can recover the files you need should your system become infected with ransomware. Backups are important as they also help you recover when you accidentally delete files or your hard drive gives out.
Further Protective Measures
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You have probably heard people talk about using encryption to protect themselves and their information. In this article, we will explain what encryption is, how it protects you and how to implement it properly.
Why Use Encryption?
You might have sensitive information on your devices, such as documents, pictures and emails. If one of your devices were to be stolen, all of your sensitive information would be in someone else’s hands. Encryption protects you in these situations by helping ensure unauthorized people cannot access or modify your information.
How It Works
Encryption converts information into a non-readable format called ciphertext. Today’s encryption works by using complex math operations and a unique secret key, converting information into ciphertext. The key locks or unlocks the encrypted information. Your key could be a file stored on your computer, a password or a combination of the two.
What Can You Encrypt?
There are two types of data to encrypt:
Encrypting data at rest is vital to protect information in case your computer or mobile device is lost or stolen. Full disk encryption (FDE) is a widely used encryption technique that encrypts the entire drive in your system. This means that everything on the system is automatically encrypted for you. Today, most computers come with FDE but you might have to manually turn it on or enable it. FileVault is used on Mac computers while Windows computers can use Bitlocker or device encryption. Mobile phone encryption for the iPhone and iPads automatically enable FDE once a passcode has been set. Starting with Android 6.0 (Marshmallow), Google is requiring FDE be enabled by default provided the hardware meets certain minimum standards. Please check with your device manufacturer to determine if it supports FDE.
Information in motion is also vulnerable. If data is not encrypted it can be monitored, modified, and captured online. This is why you want to make sure that all sensitive online transactions and communications are encrypted. A common type of encryption for data in motion is HTTPS. This means that traffic between your browser and a website is encrypted. Look for https:// in the URL, a lock icon on your browser or your URL bar turning green.
Key Things to Remember
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Malware, also known as malicious code and malicious software, refers to a program that is inserted into a system, usually covertly, with the intent of compromising the confidentiality, integrity, or availability of the victim’s data, applications, or operating system or otherwise annoying or disrupting the victim. Malware has become the most significant external threat to most systems, causing widespread damage and disruption, and necessitating extensive recovery efforts within most organizations.
There are five types of malware:
Signs to Look Out For:
Ways To Avoid An Attack:
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At some point, you will most likely have some computer malfunction that causes loss of some or all of your personal files, documents or photos. Maybe you accidentally deleted the wrong file, experienced a hardware failure, or lost your laptop. Even worse, malware may have infected your computer. In times like these, backups are often the only way you can rebuild your digital life or recover critical data.
What to Back Up and When
There are two approaches on deciding what to back up:
If you are not sure what to back up then the best approach may be backing up everything. You should also consider how often you want to back up. Apple’s Time Machine or Microsoft Backup and Restore allow you to create an automatic “set it and forget it” backup schedule. Other solutions can allow continuous protection in which new or altered files are immediately backed up as soon as there closed.
How to Back Up
You can store your files in two ways:
Backing up to physical media keeps your files on a physical storage device, such as DVD’s, USB devices or an external hard drive. Whichever media you choose, never back up your files to the device that holds your original files. It’s also smart to label your physical media with info about the backup and the date it was created.
Some disadvantages to storing on physical media is the possibility of disaster or theft. Physical media can be lost, stolen or damaged just as easily as the original files.
Cloud-based storage works by installing a program (client) that automatically backs up your files for you. You can pay for cloud storage providers to store your backups. The price is normally determined by the size of the backup.
The advantage of this solution is in the event of a disaster or theft, your files will be virtually stored off-site. Additionally, you can access these files from anywhere. The disadvantages of cloud-based backups are that recovery can be slower especially if you have a large amount of data and you will also need to ensure that the cloud service provider can store this data securely to prevent unauthorized access.
After backing up your data, it’s always a good to be certain that you can recover it. Check every month that your backups are working by recovering a file and validating the contents. Additionally, be sure to make a full system backup before a major upgrade such as moving to a new computer or mobile device or before a major repair.
Key Points Summary
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While hackers pose a serious problem, there’s also the risk of losing, forgetting or having your devices stolen. Keep your tablets safe by following these tips:
The post Securing Your Tablet appeared first on EarthLink Blog: Internet services, Web Hosting, IT services.
One of today’s most effective cyber-attack methods is to take advantage of the human tendency to trust.
Social engineering, a form of psychological manipulation where an attacker cons users into divulging information or doing something they want the user to do, can occur through phone calls, email, text messaging, social media and online chats.
Indicators of social engineering attacks include:
To avoid social engineering attacks, never share your passwords and don’t share too much personal information on social media, which can give attackers information to mislead you. If someone asks for something personal, verify their contact information first.
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